1980–1984: Duke, Abacab, and Genesis

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After his attempt to save his marriage (which ended in divorce), Collins returned to the UK in August 1979, and on 26 August 1979, Gabriel and Collins at the Reading Festival performed "The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway" and "Mother of Violence" as encores on Gabriel's Scratch tour. Collins found himself in a holding pattern while Tony Banks worked on A Curious Feeling (with help from Chester Thompson), Mike Rutherford worked on Smallcreep's Day (with help from Anthony Phillips). While recording Smallcreep's Day, Rutherford finished writing a side-b single "Compression" that was originally rehearsed with Genesis in 1973. Banks and Rutherford also contributed track "From the Undertow" on The Shout movie soundtrack; a track that was the original intro to "Undertow", while Hackett released Spectral Mornings and Defector. With time to spare and new equipment in his home, Collins immersed himself in the recording of home demos that would become his first solo album Face Value (released in 1981) and provide two songs for the upcoming Genesis project. In addition, he rejoined jazz fusion / jazz rock band Brand X for their 1979 tour, played drums, and did lead vocal on "Don't Make Waves" and "Soho" on their album Product. Along with Gabriel, Collins drummed on Robert Fripp's Exposure, and assisted Gabriel in the making of Peter Gabriel. At this point, with the release of Phillips' 1979 Sides album, all current and former members of Genesis were making solo albums or in other bands.

When the three bandmates came back together to begin recording their next album from October to December 1979, Duke (1980), the product was much more the result of all three working together equally as three solo acts than the cohesive band Genesis once was. Genesis were no longer a homogeneous band but a solo act conglomeration. As a result of this writing arrangement, Collins's Motown/R&B-influenced pop song writing was present; it had been absent from previous Genesis albums. Duke was the real transition from their 1970s progressive rock sound to the 1980s pop era. The use of a drum machine became a consistent element on subsequent Genesis albums, as well as on Collins's solo releases. The first Genesis song to feature a drum machine was the Duke track "Duchess". The more commercial Duke was well received by the mainstream media, and was the band's first UK number one album, while the tracks "Misunderstanding" and "Turn It On Again" became live performance favourites. The drum machine Roland CR-78 that Collins used to make the sound effects on Duke, Abacab, his first solo album Face Value, and the Brand X song "Wall to Wall" was also used on Phillips' album 1984 in 1981.

Duke was followed by Abacab (1981), which features a collaboration with the Earth, Wind & Fire horn section on the track "No Reply at All". Most of the album's rehearsals took place at The Farm, the band's newly built studio in Surrey, and the site where all of their subsequent albums were recorded. The album used a forceful drum sound that used an effect called gated reverb, which uses a live—or artificially reverberated—sound relayed through a noise gate set, which rapidly cuts off when a particular volume threshold is reached. This results in a powerful "live" sounding, yet controlled, drum ambiance. The distinctive sound was first developed by Gabriel, Collins, and their co-producer/engineer Hugh Padgham, when Collins was recording the backing track for "Intruder", the first track on Gabriel's 1980 album. The technique had been apparent on Collins's "In the Air Tonight" from Face Value. The 'gated' drum sound would become an audio trademark of future Genesis and Collins albums.

The Abacab tour also marked the first public appearances of the Vari-Lite automated moving light system, the development of which had been paid for by the band and their management.

In 1982, the band released the live double album Three Sides Live. The US version LP contains three sides of live material and a side of studio material. The studio material includes the song "Paperlate", which again features an Earth, Wind and Fire horn section. In the UK and the rest of Europe, the studio material was replaced by a fourth side of live recordings from previous tours. 1982 closed with a one-off performance alongside Gabriel and Hackett at the Milton Keynes Bowl, under the name Six of the Best. The concert was hastily put together to help raise money for Gabriel's WOMAD project, which at the time was suffering from considerable financial hardship. Hackett, who arrived late from South America, performed the final two songs of the show ("I Know What I Like (in Your Wardrobe)" and "The Knife") with his former bandmates.

1983's eponymous Genesis album became their third consecutive number one album in the UK. The album includes the radio-friendly tracks "Mama" and "That's All". The track "Just a Job to Do" was later used as the theme song for 1985's ABC detective drama The Insiders. The final cut to hit the airwaves was "Taking It All Too Hard", which in addition to being highly played on AOR radio, crossed over to soft rock radio stations and became a fixture for 20 years. The album became a worldwide success.

In 1983 at a Peter Gabriel concert in London, drummer Jerry Marotta had injured his back and Collins agreed to fill in for him to play "Lay Your Hands On Me".

In 1984 Gabriel, Rutherford, and Collins contributed solo material to the Against All Odds film soundtrack, while Banks began work on his Soundtracks album. In 1985, Rutherford co-founded Mike + The Mechanics, and Hackett co-founded GTR with Steve Howe.

 

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Genesis (band) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia : taken from - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genesis_(band) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/